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Theory : Thermodynamic efficiency of quantum dot machines (Théorie : Rendement thermodynamique des machines à points quantiques)
Quantum dots exhibit a thermoelectric effect , which means that a temperature difference across a quantum dot can cause an electrical current. One can use this to make an extremely simple quantum machine which converts heat energy into electricity.
The project is to find the thermodynamic efficiency of such a quantum machine. Can it achieve Carnot efficiency ? How does the efficiency depend on the machine’s power output ?
The work will use the theory of quantum (...)